Türk El ve Üst Ekstremite Cerrahisi Derneği
Türk El ve Üst Ekstremite Cerrahisi Derneği

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Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital

Abdelmoughit Echchaoui, Leila Belaroussi, Ahmad Al Ahmad, Samir El Mazouz, Nour-eddine Gharib, Abdellah Abbassi.

Abstract
Objectives: To document the pattern of occupational hand injuries seen at our emergency department and to obtain information for establishing preventive measures in the workplace.
Patients and methods: We report our experience with a retrospective study of 144 cases of occupational hand injuries managed at our institution from April 2014 to September 2015. Age, sex, injury localization and type, accompanying injuries, work context, functional prognosis, and ability to integrate into original work after therapeutic management and physiotherapy were studied.
Results: There were 133 men and 11 women; the mean age was 30.84 11.94 years and the sex ratio was 12. The most commonly affected age range was 2029 years; the right hand (68%) and fingers (70.13%) were the most commonly injured sites. The woodwork and construction industries had the highest injury rate (47.92%). The most common injuries were open fractures (27%) and tendon injuries (19%). Physiotherapy was carried out 13 months following surgical treatment in 105 patients (72.9%). Partial permanent disability, established in patients after recovery, ranged from 5% to 45%. At the 8-month follow-up, only 87 patients (60.4%) had returned to their original occupation.
Conclusion: Hand injuries are common in the workplace and affect mostly active and working-age people. Preventive measures are required and should receive appropriate attention and resources.

Key words: Hand Injuries, Workplace; Emergency Department

 

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Echchaoui A, Belaroussi L, Ahmad AA, Mazouz SE, Gharib N, Abbassi A. Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand Microsurg. 2017; 6(2): 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


Web Style

Echchaoui A, Belaroussi L, Ahmad AA, Mazouz SE, Gharib N, Abbassi A. Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. www.scopemed.org/?mno=230467 [Access: September 23, 2017]. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Echchaoui A, Belaroussi L, Ahmad AA, Mazouz SE, Gharib N, Abbassi A. Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand Microsurg. 2017; 6(2): 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Echchaoui A, Belaroussi L, Ahmad AA, Mazouz SE, Gharib N, Abbassi A. Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand Microsurg. (2017), [cited September 23, 2017]; 6(2): 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


Harvard Style

Echchaoui, A., Belaroussi, L., Ahmad, A. A., Mazouz, S. E., Gharib, N. & Abbassi, A. (2017) Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand Microsurg, 6 (2), 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


Turabian Style

Echchaoui, Abdelmoughit, Leila Belaroussi, Ahmad Al Ahmad, Samir El Mazouz, Nour-eddine Gharib, and Abdellah Abbassi. 2017. Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand and Microsurgery, 6 (2), 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


Chicago Style

Echchaoui, Abdelmoughit, Leila Belaroussi, Ahmad Al Ahmad, Samir El Mazouz, Nour-eddine Gharib, and Abdellah Abbassi. “Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital.” Hand and Microsurgery 6 (2017), 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Echchaoui, Abdelmoughit, Leila Belaroussi, Ahmad Al Ahmad, Samir El Mazouz, Nour-eddine Gharib, and Abdellah Abbassi. “Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital.” Hand and Microsurgery 6.2 (2017), 75-80. Print. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Echchaoui, A., Belaroussi, L., Ahmad, A. A., Mazouz, S. E., Gharib, N. & Abbassi, A. (2017) Occupational hand injury patterns at Avicenna University Hospital. Hand and Microsurgery, 6 (2), 75-80. doi:10.5455/handmicrosurg.230467